The book of Job is part of the wisdom literature of the Old Testament, along with Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon. Job tells the story of a wealthy, successful man living in the land of Uz who had seven sons and three daughters. The story opens with an insight into Job’s character. When Job learned that his children may have inadvertently sinned, he offered sacrifices on their behalf—an example that Job was a righteous man who loved God.
In an unusual twist, an adversary (often thought of as Satan) approached God about Job. Satan claimed that the only reason Job was righteous and loved God was because Job had been successful and prosperous. If stripped of his possessions, Satan argued, Job wouldn’t be as faithful to God.
Out of this heavenly court scene would come an unforgettable test for Job whom, according to God’s command, Satan would be allowed to strip of all his material blessings.